pharynx

OROPHARYNX

This is the middle 1/3 of the throat (pharynx). Oropharyngeal cancers are rising in incidence in Western countries due to HPV infections. In India, they are not as common as oral cancers but do comprise a large proportion of cases. In India, most oropharyngeal squamous cell cancers are related to tobacco and alcohol use and not to HPV infections.

  • Growth or non-healing ulcer in the soft palate, tonsil or back of the throat
  • One sided enlargement of the tonsil
  • Difficulty eating or swallowing
  • Hot potato speech
  • Inability to stick out (protrude) tongue
  • One sided earache or headache
  • Mass in the neck
  • the posterior 1/3 of the tongue (base of tongue)
  • the soft palate
  • the tonsils
  • the side and back of the throat, from the level of the base of the tongue to the soft palate
  • Tobacco
  • Alcohol
  • Human Pappiloma Virus (HPV) infection
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