pharynx

HYPOPHARYNX

This is the lower 1/3 of the throat (pharynx). Tumours in this area are relatively silent in comparision to other areas and are thus found at a more advanced stage. While most cancers are related to tobacco and alcohol, certain cancers in this area are more common amongst women and not related to any habits.

  • Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
  • Painful swallowing (odynophagia)
  • Change in voice
  • Weight loss
  • Mass in the neck
  • Pain in the ear
  • the area just above the food pipe and including the first part of the food pipe (cervical esophagus)
  • the area around the voice box (larynx) i.e. the pyriform sinuses on each side
  • the back wall of the throat (the posterior pharyngeal wall)
  • Tobacco
  • Alcohol
  • Plummer-Vinson syndrome
  • Female sex
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