Parathyroid glands are small glands that are in close approximation to the thyroid gland. There are two on each side of the neck, and control the balance of calcium in the body. The parathryoid glands are also part of the endocrine system. Parathyroid cancers are uncommon. More common tumours are called parathyroid adenomas which secrete Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) and cause elevation of the calcium levels in the blood. This can lead to calcium stones in the urinary system, bone pain or abdominal pain, leading to a well known constellation of symptoms called ‘moans, groans and stones. Parathyroid adenoma are usually found with an elevated blood calcium levels and elevated PTH levels.

  • Moans, Groans and Stones
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